– Niels Bohr Institute - University of Copenhagen

Forward this page to a friend Resize Print Bookmark and Share

Astrophysics & Planetary Science > News > News on Astrophysics

News on Astrophysics

Very high silicon content surprises Mars researchers

17 December 2015

Very high silicon content surprises Mars researchers New results from the Mars rover Curosity show that some rocks in Gale Crater have a high content of the element silicon. Since the accumulation of silica typically require a combination of both heat and water, this place might once

Read more

Astronomy archaeology – finding 120-year-old observations

08 December 2015

Astronomy archaeology – finding 120-year-old observations In the basement under the Niels Bohr Institute building on Juliane Maries Vej in Copenhagen they have found astronomical observations that go more than 120 years back in time. The observations were recorded on thin photographic

Read more

Swift satellite detects 1000th gamma-ray burst

06 November 2015

Swift satellite detects 1000th gamma-ray burstThe NASA satellite, Swift, has now detected its 1000th gamma-ray burst. Since the launch of the satellite in 2004, it has revolutionised research into gamma-ray bursts.
 

Read more

KU students win gold in the United States for Mars moss project

05 October 2015

Can we develop a moss that can survive and grow on Mars? A group of students from the Center for Synthetic Biology and the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen decided to try.

Read more

Super-bright supernova with extreme burst of gamma radiation

08 July 2015

Super-bright supernova with extreme burst of gamma radiation Astronomers from NBI have observed a super-bright supernova association with a very unusual long lasting gamma-ray burst. Gamma-ray bursts are in rare cases observed in connection with supernovae, which are the

Read more

Mars might have liquid water

13 April 2015

Mars might have liquid water Researchers have long known that there was water in the form of ice on Mars. Now, new research from NASA’s Mars rover Curiosity shows that it is possible that there is liquid water close to the surface of Mars.

Read more

Mars has belts of glaciers consisting of frozen water

07 April 2015

Mars has belts of glaciers consisting of frozen water Mars has distinct polar ice caps, but Mars also has belts of glaciers at its central latitudes in both the southern and northern hemispheres. A thick layer of dust covers the glaciers, so they appear as surface of the ground, but radar

Read more

Planets in the habitable zone around most stars, calculate researchers

18 March 2015

Astronomers have discovered thousands of exoplanets in our galaxy, the Milky Way. By analysing these planetary systems, researchers from the Australian National University and the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen have calculated

Read more

Astronomers observe four images of the same supernova using a cosmic lens

05 March 2015

Astronomers have for the first time observed a supernova multiply-imaged due to gravitational lensing. The light from the supernova is seen in four different images due to a cosmic phenomenon that causes light to be deflected by the

Read more

Astronomers find dust in the early universe

02 March 2015

Dust plays an extremely important role in the universe – both in the formation of planets and new stars. But the earliest galaxies had no dust, only gas. Now an international team of astronomers, led by researchers from the Niels

Read more

Snapshot of cosmic burst of radio waves

19 January 2015

Snapshot of cosmic burst of radio waves A strange phenomenon has been observed by astronomers right as it was happening – a ‘fast radio burst’. The eruption is described as an extremely short, sharp flash of radio waves from an unknown source in the universe.

Read more

Green light for construction of the E-ELT

04 December 2014

Green light for construction of the E-ELTThe ESO Council has now decided to start building the new large European telescope E-ELT (European Extremely Large Telescope) on 1 January 2015. This begins the first phase of construction of the world’s largest telescope – with Danish

Read more

Using supermassive black holes to measure cosmic distances

26 November 2014

Using supermassive black holes to measure cosmic distancesOne of the major problems in astronomy is measuring very large distances in the universe. The current most common methods measure relative distances, but now research from the Niels Bohr Institute demonstrates that precise distances

Read more

Mystery of dwarf galaxy could be ejected black hole

19 November 2014

Mystery of dwarf galaxy could be ejected black hole Astronomers have observed a mysterious phenomenon, which could be a massive black hole that has been ejected into space in connection with two galaxies colliding. This may be due to gravitational waves from the collision.

Read more

New Danish telescope for researching stars and Earth-like exoplanets

21 October 2014

New Danish telescope for researching stars and Earth-like exoplanets The first telescope in the Danish led telescope network will be officially opened on 25 October, 2014 on Tenerife. This will launch a worldwide stellar research project that will bring us even closer to the stars and closer to finding earth-like

Read more

Comet headed for Mars

17 October 2014

Comet headed for MarsOn Sunday evening, 19 October 2014 at 20:30, a comet will come closer to colliding with Mars than we have ever seen. When the comet, Siding Spring, was discovered in January 2013 it initially appeared that it might be on a direct collision

Read more

NBI researchers part of new NASA Mars mission

08 August 2014

NBI researchers part of new NASA Mars mission Has there been life on Mars? – and when a manned mission is ever sent to Mars, how will the astronauts get oxygen to breathe when they are out there? That is what the next mission, Mars-2020, will try to find out

Read more

Cosmic grains of dust formed in supernova explosion

09 July 2014

Cosmic grains of dust formed in supernova explosion New research from the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen and Aarhus University shows that not only can grains of dust form in gigantic supernova explosions, they can also survive the subsequent shockwaves they are

Read more

New insights into gamma-ray Burst afterglows

30 April 2014

New insights into gamma-ray Burst afterglowsGamma-ray bursts are powerful bursts of gamma radiation in connection with the explosive death of massive stars. The bursts themselves are short lived – typically less than a few minutes, but is followed by an afterglow that can be

Read more

Cosmic collision creates mini-planet with rings

26 March 2014

Cosmic collision creates mini-planet with rings Until now, rings of material in a disc have only been observed around giant planets like Jupiter, Uranus, Neptune and especially Saturn, which is known for its spectacular rings. Now astronomers from NBI, have observed the first

Read more

Stream of stars in Andromeda satellite galaxy shows cosmic collision

23 February 2014

Stream of stars in Andromeda satellite galaxy shows cosmic collisionThe Andromeda Galaxy is surrounded by a swarm of small satellite galaxies. Researchers from NBI, among others, have detected a stream of stars in one of the Galaxy’s outer satellite galaxies, called Andromeda II.

Read more

First images of star cluster from the Gaia Satellite

07 February 2014

First images of star cluster from the Gaia SatelliteThe Gaia Satellite has already sent its first images down to Earth approximately 40 days after its launch on the 19th of December. They show a dense collection of stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud at a distance of 170,000 light years.

Read more

Early galaxies grew massive through collisions

29 January 2014

Early galaxies grew massive through collisions New research from the Niels Bohr Institute shows that massive galaxies were formed by explosive star formation that was set in motion by the collision of galaxies a few billion years after the Big Bang

Read more

Gaia on a mission to map billions of stars in the Milky Way

16 December 2013

On the 19th of December, the Gaia satellite will be launched and it will make the most precise measurements of the billions of stars in the Milky Way to date. Gaia is an astronomical satellite that measures the positions...

Read more

Explosive growth of young star

04 December 2013

New research from the Niels Bohr Institute, among others, shows that a young, newly formed star in the Milky Way had such an explosive growth, that it was initially about 100 times brighter than it is now

Read more

Monster gamma-ray burst in our cosmic neighbourhood

21 November 2013

Gamma-ray bursts are violent bursts of gamma radiation associated with exploding massive stars. For the first time ever, researchers from the Niels Bohr Institute, among others, have observed an unusually powerful gamma-ray

Read more

Quasar observed in 6 separate light reflections

07 August 2013

Using a special method where you observe light that has been bent by gravity on its way through the universe, a group of physics students from NBI have observed a quasar whose light has been deflected and reflected in

Read more

New knowledge about early galaxies

03 July 2013

Using new detailed studies carried out with the ESO Very Large Telescope and the Hubble Space Telescope, researchers from NBI have studied an early galaxy in unprecedented detail and determined a number of

Read more

Rounded stones on Mars evidence of flowing water

30 May 2013

Observations by NASA's Mars rover Curiosity have revealed areas with gravel and pebbles that are characteristic of a former riverbed. Researchers, including members of the Niels Bohr Institute, have analysed their...

Read more

Researchers close to finding habitable planets

18 April 2013

Researchers from the Niels Bohr Institute and Aarhus University are part of a team that has discovered a planetary system with five small planets of which two are super-Earth sized and lie in the habitable zone.

Read more

Most distant Type Ia supernova observed

11 April 2013

In the quest to find the most distant supernova, researchers have broken the record and observed a supernova that exploded more than 10 billion years ago.  This was in the early youth of the universe when it was evolving rapidly

Read more

Planck satellite explores the infancy of the universe

21 March 2013

Using new data from the Planck satellite, researchers can now show that the universe is not expanding as fast as previously thought and the universe is 80 million years older than we thought.

Read more

Jacob Trier Frederiksen receives EU funding for fusion energy research

10 December 2012

To research into developing technology that can produce energy using fusion, the EU has given 7.5 million kroner in funding to a consortium of researchers from 16 countries, including researchers from the Niels Bohr Institute.

Read more

The mystery of dark matter may be near to being deciphered

04 September 2012

With the latest observations from the Planck satellite, researchers from the Niels Bohr Institute, among others, may be closer than ever to a solution to the origin of the mysterious dark matter

Read more

Sweet building blocks of life found around young star

29 August 2012

Building blocks of life found around young starLife is made up of a series of complex organic molecules, including sugars. Astronomers from NBI have now observed a simple sugar molecule in the gas surrounding a young star

Read more

Successful landing on Mars

06 August 2012

"It has succeeded, it has landed”, it sounds from head of the Danish Mars research group, Morten Bo Madsen, who is reporting from NASA’s control centre in Pasadena, California

Read more

Planets can form around different types of stars

13 June 2012

Planets can form around different types of stars New research from NBI, among others, shows that small planets can form around very different types of stars – also stars that are relatively poor in heavy elements. This significantly increases the

Read more

Baby galaxies grew up quickly

16 May 2012

Baby galaxies from the young Universe more than 12 billion years ago evolved faster than previously thought, shows new research from the Niels Bohr Institute. This means that already in the early history of the Universe

Read more

Money for Mars

15 May 2012

Morten Bo Madsen, head of the Mars research group in Astrophysics and Planetary Research at the Niels Bohr Institute, has received a grant of nearly 2.2 million kroner from the The Danish Council for Independent Research

Read more

A wealth of habitable planets in the Milky Way

11 January 2012

A wealth of habitable planets in the Milky WayAstronomers from the Niels Bohr Institute have discovered that most of the Milky Way’s 100 billion stars have planets that are very similar to the Earth-like planets in our own solar system Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars...

Read more

Discovery of the first planet the size of Earth

21 December 2011

Discovery of the first planet the size of Earth Astronomers from the NBI have participated in the first discovery of a planet the size of Earth. Using the Kepler satellite, astronomers have observed a solar system with five planets of which one is the size of the Earth

Read more

Mysterious Christmas star explosion

01 December 2011

Mysterious Christmas star explosion Christmas Day 2010 the Swift satellite observed a very strange gamma-ray burst in the distant universe. Gamma-ray bursts are extremely powerful bursts of radiation predominantly associated with massive stars that die in a

Read more

Ancient stars shed light on the prehistory of the Milky Way

15 November 2011

Ancient stars shed light on the prehistory of the Milky Way Some of the oldest stars in the Milky Way – a kind of stellar fossils contain abnormally large amounts of heavy elements like gold, platinum and uranium. Researchers at the NBI have with recent observations concluded how

Read more

Giant star explosion casts light on distant galaxies

02 November 2011

Giant star explosion casts light on distant galaxies Astronomers including members from the NBI have used light from a distant gamma-ray burst to investigate the composition of matter in distant galaxies. Surprisingly, it turns out that some galaxies in the early universe

Read more

'Dark energy' and 'dark matter' the focus of the Euclid space mission

05 October 2011

'Dark energy' and 'dark matter' the focus of the Euclid space missionThe future European space mission, Euclid, which the European Space Agency has just selected for launch in 2019, will have prominent Danish participation. Space Science Center at the University of Copenhagen and DTU...

Read more

66 new telescopes to explore first solar systems and the primordial universe

30 September 2011

66 new telescopes to explore first solar systems and the primordial universe How do clouds of dust and gas surrounding newly formed stars become planets? – and how far back can you trace the building blocks of life? Danish astronomers will be researching this using the big new astronomical telescopes...

Read more

Light from galaxy clusters confirm theory of relativity

28 September 2011

Light from galaxy clusters confirm theory of relativity Astrophysicists at the Dark Cosmology Centre at the NBI have managed to measure how the light is affected by gravity on its way out of galaxy clusters. The observations confirm the theoretical predictions...

Read more

Astronomers discover new way to measure Universe

27 September 2011

Astronomers discover new way to measure UniverseAstronomers at Dark Cosmology Centre at Copenhagen’s Niels Bohr Institute have found a new way to measure distances. Because their new method uses quasars, some of the brightest objects known.

Read more

Satellite crashing down on Friday – Denmark barely in the danger zone

21 September 2011

Satellite crashing down on Friday ? Denmark barely in the danger zoneNASA’s defunct Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) will crash down to Earth on Friday, September 23. Precisely where and when is not known for certain and NASA will only be able to give a more definite...

Read more

ESS Science Symposia launched at the Niels Bohr International Academy in Copenhagen

18 July 2011

ESS Science Symposia launched at the Niels Bohr International Academy in CopenhagenThe first ESS Science Symposium at Niels Bohr International Academy (NBIA) was held in Copenhagen in late June, an NBIA conference on ESS research that initiates a series of annual workshops...

Read more

Extreme gamma radiation from black hole in a distant galaxy

17 June 2011

Extreme gamma radiation from black hole in a distant galaxy The extreme gamma radiation is most likely due to a star that has been swallowed up by a super massive black hole at the centre of the galaxy. The gamma radiation was observed by researchers from NBI.

Read more

First galaxies created earlier than previously thought

14 April 2011

First galaxies created earlier than previously thoughtA team of astronomers, including members from the Niels Bohr Institute, have discovered a distant galaxy whose stars were created earlier in the history of the universe than previously observed.

Read more

Rare observation of cosmic explosion

08 March 2011

Rare observation of cosmic explosionGamma ray bursts, which are the most powerful bursts of radiation in the universe, have now been observed in direct connection with an exploding giant star - a supernova. Researchers from the Niels Bohr Institute...

Read more

The universe is teeming with planets

03 February 2011

The universe is teeming with planetsMore than a thousand potential planets have been found in the universe using NASA’s Kepler Satellite since the mission began in March 2009. One of these stars has a planetary system with no fewer than 6 planets.

Read more

Astronomers discover Earth-sized exoplanet

10 January 2011

Astronomers discover Earth-sized exoplanetA solid planet approximately 1½ times the size of the Earth has been observed outside our solar system. It is the smallest planet found so far in the hunt for planets in our galaxy, the Milky Way and researchers from...

Read more